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Kelvin F Long, Research Director

Kelvin has a Bachelor’s Degree in Aerospace Engineering where he wrote a thesis on ‘Thermal Protection Systems for Spacecraft Atmospheric Re-entry’. He has a Master’s Degree in Astrophysics where he wrote a thesis on ‘Mathematical Models of the Solar Wind’. Both of these were with Queen Mary College, University of London. Sponsored by the Ministry of Defence, where he worked full-time as a Thermonuclear Weapons Designer for twelve years, he also studied for six years for a PhD in inertial confinement fusion with the Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics at the University of Warwick writing a thesis on ‘An Examination of Shock Assisted ignition Inertial Confinement Fusion via Hot Electron Conduction Transport and Vlasov-Focker-Planck Modelling of Laser Plasma Interactions’ - although he never submitted his thesis. He was the co-founder of the US non-profit Icarus Interstellar serving as its first Vice President for European Operations. He was the co-founder of the US non-profit the Institute for Interstellar Studies serving as its first President and then Chairman. He was the co-founder of the UK not-for-profit the Initiative for Interstellar Studies serving as its first Executive Director and then President. He was the co-founder of the high altitude balloon company Nebula Sciences, the founder of the investment company Terra Altair Ltd, and the founder of the aerospace consultancy Stellar Engines Ltd. He is a published author and editor of several books on the subject of interstellar studies, including ‘Deep Space Propulsion: A Roadmap to Interstellar Flight’ published by Springer and ‘Beyond the Boundary: Exploring the Science and Culture of Interstellar Spaceflight’ published by the i4is. He has also published dozens of popular science articles and technical peer reviewed papers in academic journals. He has also appeared in or has been quoted in many media publications including Popular Mechanics, Nature, Aerospace America, All About Space, Astronomy Now, Ciel & Space, Centauri Dreams, New Scientist, The Times, The New York Times, Physics World, The Guardian, Scottish National Herald, Spaceflight, Space.com and Wired. He has appeared on many radio or podcasts including BBC Radio Gloucester, The Space Show, Space Boffins, 365 Days of Astronomy, FM4 Austrian Radio Station. He has participated in many television documentaries including Expedition New Earth, Evacuate Earth, Fight for Space, The Sky at Night, Going to the Stars. He is a Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society and has previously served on its governing council and was the Chief Editor of the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society (JBIS). He is also a Chartered Member of the Institute of Physics. He has been a participating contributor of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Heliospheric study into a 1,000 AU interstellar probe. Since 2016 he has been a member of the Breakthrough Initiatives Project Starshot, a private venture to launch a Gram-scale spacecraft to the nearest stars within decades. He has presented at conferences all over the world but particularly in Europe and the United States, and has presented at every NASA centre. Kelvin has a deep interest in not just space, astrophysics and interstellar studies, but also in general relativity, quantum mechanics, intelligence in the Universe, consciousness, and studies of the ancient world. This started when he spent a summer in Egypt when he was 19 years old. His current interest specialises in the Sumerian Society of ancient Mesopotamia and its written language of Cuneiform. His favourite book is the ‘Epic of Gilgamesh’.

Example Publications:

  1. Visionary II: A Science Fiction Anthology in the Spirit of the British Interplanetary Society", Short Story and Poetry Contributor, Edited by Terence J. Henley, A British Interplanetary Society Publication, 2018.

  2. Unstable Equilibrium Hypothesis: A Consideration of Ultra-Relativistic and Faster than Light Interstellar Spaceflight", Technical Note, JBIS, 69, 2/3, February/March 2016.

  3. "An Examination of Shock Assisted Ignition Inertial Confinement Fusion via Hot Electron Conduction Transport and Vlasov-Focker-Planck Modelling of Laser Plasma Interactions", Doctoral Dissertation for the University of Warwick, not submitted.

  4. "Project Icarus: Specific Power for Interstellar Missions Using Inertial Confinement Fusion Propulsion", JBIS, 69, 5, May 2016.

  5. "Project Icarus: Development of Fusion Based Space Propulsion for Interstellar Missions", JBIS, 69, 2016.

  6. "Is the Concept of (Stapledon) Universal Mentality Credible?", Axiom, The Journal of the Initiative for Interstellar Studies, Volume 2, Issue 3, April 2016.

  7. "Initial Considerations for the Interstellar (Andromeda) Probe: A Three Day Study", i4is Andromeda Probe Team, Lead author with Andreas Hein, March 2016.

  8. "Starship Engineering: Foundation Topics for Interstellar Space Exploration", Kelvin F.Long & Rob Swinney, Technical Monograph, A publication of the Initiative for Interstellar Studies, lulu.com, 2015.

  9. "The Invention of the Starship and Revisiting Tsiolkovsky", Axiom, The Journal of the Initiative for Interstellar Studies, Volume 1, Issue 1, Aug 2015.

  10. "Starship Congress 2013 Proceedings of the General Assembly", contributor, edited by Anu Bowman, Proceedings of the Icarus Interstellar 1st Starship Congress Special Panel Session, JBIS, 68, 1/2, pp.48-64, Jan/Feb 2015.

  11. "Beyond the Boundary: Exploring the Science & Culture of Interstellar Spaceflight", Editor, Initiative for Interstellar Studies publication, 2014.

  12. "The Road Before the Stars: Interstellar Precursor Missions", Chapter Contribution to i4is book 'Beyond the Boundary: Exploring the Science & Culture of Interstellar Spaceflight', Dec 2014.

  13. "Project BAIR: The Black Hole Augmented Interstellar Rocket", International Space University Msc Report with i4is, lead author Andrew Alexander with Chris Welch, Apr 2014.

  14. "Project Sentinel", International Space University Msc Report with i4is, lead author Sissi Enestam with Chris Welch, Apr 2014.

  15. "Project Icarus: Starship Resolution Sub-Team Concept Design Report", (co-authors Richard Osborne and Pat Galea), Internal Project Icarus Study report, Oct 2013.

  16. "Jude: Solar Sailing A Low Mass Payload to Alpha Centauri-B", International Space University Msc Report with i4is, lead author James Harpur with Chris Welch, Apri 2013. Presented at 2014 IAC Toronto, Canada.

  17. "Visionary: A Science Fiction Anthology in the Spirit of the British Interplanetary Society", Short Story and Poetry Contributor, Edited by Terence J. Henley, A British Interplanetary Society Publication, 2013.

  18. "Arthur C Clarke: A Life Remembered", co-editor with Fred Clarke, Mark Stewart and Robert Godwin, also a contributor, Apogee Prime, 2013.

  19. Starship Century: Towards the Grandest Horizon", art work contributor, Edited by James and Gregory Benford, Lucky Bat Books, 2013.

  20. "Technologies to Enable Near-Term Interstellar Precursor Missions", International Academy of Astronautics Study, Final Report of Study Group III.10 to Commission III (co-authors C.Bruno, D.Simone, G.Genta, G.Vulpetti, L.Johnson, G.Matloff et al), 2012.

  21. "Project Icarus: Exploring the Interstellar Roadmap Using the Icarus Pathfinder Probe & Icarus Starfinder Probe Concepts", (co-authors Rob Swinney, Andreas Hein, Pat Galea, A.Mann, A.Crowl, R.Obousy, Andreas Tziolas), JBIS, 65, 7/8, pp.244-254, Jul/Aug 2012.

  22. "The Enzmann Starship: History & Engineering Appraisal", (Co-authors Adam Crowl & Richard Obousy), JBIS, 65, 6, p.185-199, Jun 2012.

  23. "Project Icarus: Nuclear Fusion Space Propulsion & The Icarus Leviathan Concept", (co-authors A.Crowl, A.Tziolas, R.Freeland), Space Chronicle, 65, 1, 2012.

  24. "Olaf Stapledon: Finest of the First Men", Spaceflight Magazine, pp.72-73, Feb 2012.

  25. "Time for the Stars – The 100 Year Starship Symposium", Spaceflight Magazine, 54, 1, pp.20-21, Jan 2012.

  26. "Deep Space Propulsion: A Roadmap to Interstellar Flight", author, Springer, 2012.

  27. "Project Daedalus: Demonstrating the Engineering Feasibility of Interstellar Travel", co-Editor with Pat Galea, A British Interplanetary Society publication, 2011.

  28. "Project Icarus: Progress Report on Technical Developments & Design Considerations", JBIS, 64, 11/12, pp.358-371, Nov/Dec 2011 (Co-Authors R.K.Obousy, A.C.Tziolas, P.Galea, A.Crowl, I.A.Crawford, R.Swinney, A.Hein, R.Osborne, P.Reiss).

  29. "Dream Makers of the Future", Spaceflight magazine, 53, 10, pp.404-405, Oct 2011.

  30. "Project Icarus: Development of Fusion Based Space Propulsion for Interstellar Missions", (co-authors R.K.Obousy, A.Crowl, M.Stanic, J.French, A.Tziolas), Submitted to Proceedings 7th IAA Symposium on Realistic Near-Term Advanced Scientific Space Missions, Aosta, Italy, Jul 11-14, 2011.

  31. "Interstellar Institute for Aerospace Research: A Concept Proposal", JBIS, 64, 5, p.166-172, May 2011.

  32. "The Interstellar Institute for Aerospace Research", A Personal Response to DARPA-SN-11-41 RFI – 100 Year Starship Study, 7th Jun, 2011.

  33. "Project Icarus: The First Unmanned Interstellar Mission, Robotic Expansion & Technological Growth", JBIS, 64, 4, pp.107-115, Apr 2011.

  34. Project Icarus: Optimisation of Nuclear Fusion Propulsion for Interstellar Missions", (Co-authors Richard Obousy & Andreas Hein), Acta Astronautica, 68, pp.1820-1829, 2011.

  35. "Project Icarus: The Origins & Aims of the Study", (co-authors R.Obousy and A.Tziolas), JBIS, 64, 3, pp.88-91, Mar 2011.

  36. "Starships of the Future – The Challenge of Interstellar Flight", Spaceflight magazine, 53, 4, pp.140-144, Apr 2011 (Co-author Richard Obousy).

  37. "Project Icarus: Son of Daedalus – Flying Closer to Another Star – A Technical Update and Programme Review", (co-authors Rob Swinney and Pat Galea), 64, No. 1/2, pp.17-23, Jan/Feb 2011.

  38. "Project Icarus: Exploring the Interstellar Roadmap Using the Icarus Pathfinder and Icarus Starfinder Probe - A Level One (Concept Builder) Trade Study Report", (with co-authors P.Galea, R.Swinney, A.Hein, A.Mann, M.Millis), October 2010.

  39. "Project Icarus: Son of Daedalus - Flying Closer to Another Stars - A Technical Update and Programme Review", 61st International Astronautical Congress, Prague, Cz, 2010, (with co-authors R.Swinney and P.Galea).

  40. "Project Icarus: Project Programme Document (PPD) Overview Project Plan Covering Period 2009 – 2014, Incorporating Major Task Plan for Phase III concept Design Covering Period May 2010 – April 2011", (Co-author Richard Obousy), Internal Project Management Document, 12 May 2010.

  41. "Project Icarus: Son of Daedalus – Flying Closer to Another Star", JBIS (Co-authors Richard Obousy, Martyn Fogg, Andreas Tziolas, Richard Osborne, Andy Presby, Adrian Mann), JBIS, 62, No.11/12, pp.403-414, Nov/Dec 2009.

  42. "Project Icarus: Terms of Reference Document", Internal Project Icarus Document, BIS/Icarus Interstellar, Nov 2009.

  43. "Fusion, Antimatter & the Space Drive: Charting A Path to the Stars", JBIS, 62, 3, pp.89-98, Mar 2009, Presented, 59th IAC Final Highlight Lecture, Oct 2009.

  44. "The Status of the Warp Drive", JBIS, 61, 9, pp.347-352, Sep 2008.

  45. "Breaking the Interstellar Distance Barrier, Faster Than Light & A Theoretical Proposal for Interstellar Travel", Warp Drive, Spaceflight magazine, 50, 4, pp.144-149, 2008.

  46. "Britains Future Role in Space Exploration", A Personal Viewpoint, Submitted to UK Government Review on future of Space Exploration, January 2007.

  47. "The Primordial Black Hole Criticality of The Universe", JBIS, 59, pp.146-152, May 2006.

  48. Black Holes, Worm Holes & the Development of a Dynamic Warp Drive Metric", JBIS, Vol.58, No.5/6, pp146-154, May/Jun 2005.

  49. "Warp Drive Spacetime", Spaceflight Magazine, 47, 7, p.278, Jul 2005.

  50. "Comprehending Creation", (objective), Astronomy Now magazine, p.106, Dec 2004.

  51. "Engineering A Wormhole", Spaceflight magazine, Vol.46, No.5, p.220, May 2004.

  52. "Heart of Darkness", Astronomy Now magazine, pp. 31-34, Mar 2004.

  53. "To Dream of Space", Spaceflight magazine, Vol.45, No.3, p.132, Mar 2003.

  54. "Mathematical Models of the Solar Wind", Msc Thesis report, Queen Mary & Westfield College, University of London, 2002 (Supervisor Professor Steve Schwartz).

  55. "Thermal Protection Systems for Re-entry", BEng Thesis report, Queen Mary & Westfield College, University of London, 2000 (Supervisor Dr Graham Dorrington).

  56. Over 50 technical scientific publications with the UK Ministry of Defence, all confidential.

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Other than the Director, in the near future, the Interstellar Research Centre will be assembling a group people to form core team of scientific researchers to start to work on elements of the seven questions. However if you would like to get involved with the Interstellar Research Centre or indeed to collaborate with us, then please don’t hesitate to contact us.